Question: Who Invented The Viola Da Gamba?

What is the viola da gamba family?

The viol (/ˈvaɪəl/), viola da gamba (Italian: [ˈvjɔːla da (ɡ)ˈɡamba]), or informally gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings..

How many strings does a viola da gamba have?

six stringsThe viol differs from the cello in having six strings instead of four, and tuned more like a lute or guitar. This facilitates the playing of chords. The instrument also has frets on the fingerboard to help in that regard.

Who is the most famous viola player?

FAMOUS VIOLA PLAYERS YOU SHOULD KNOWPaul Hindemith (1895-1963) Paul Hindemith, a German composer who built his career in the 20th century, is perhaps the most famous composer and violist of all time. … Carl Stamitz (1745-1801) … William Primrose (1904-1982) … Kim Kashkashian. … Tabea Zimmerman.

Did the violin or viola come first?

It is thought that perhaps Andrea Amati did not create the first modern violin, and that it was instead created in Brescia earlier in the 16th century. The term ‘viola’ was definitely used well before the start of the 16th Century to describe a stringed instrument of a similar nature to the ‘viola’ that we know today.

Why do violas use alto clef?

Viola music is written in alto clef because it is the most appropriate clef for the register of the instrument. … Because the range of notes that are playable on a viola fit within the alto clef. However, viola can easily read the treble clef too, unless the notes are too high on the ledger lines.

What is it called when a player plucks the strings?

Pizzicato (/ˌpɪtsɪˈkɑːtoʊ/, Italian: [pittsiˈkaːto]; translated as “pinched”, and sometimes roughly as “plucked”) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument. … On bowed string instruments it is a method of playing by plucking the strings with the fingers, rather than using the bow.

Is Viola easier than violin?

Absolutely not! Contrary to popular belief, playing the viola is actually harder than playing the violin. … Overall, it is harder to make a good sound on the viola than it is on the violin because of its larger size, but the sound when it comes out is gorgeously rich and full.

How high can a viola go?

Because of it’s larger size and altered proportions, the viola has a range which is both lower and narrower than that of the violin. The compass of the viola is from C3 (C an octave below middle C) to E6 (3 and 1/3 octaves.) The top notes, however, are often produced by natural or artificial harmonics.

How many strings are on a viola?

four stringsIts four strings are tuned c–g–d′–a′, beginning with the C below middle C. The viola’s tone is darker, weightier, and warmer than that of the violin.

Who invented the viola?

There were two primary luthiers who produced the first violas like our modern versions: Gaspare da Salo of the Brescia region and Andrea Amati of the Cremona region. Both of these gifted instrument makers were born in the first half of the 16th century and brought great fame to their home cities with their innovations.

When was the viola first invented?

The history of the viola is closely linked to the development of the other instruments in the violin family, which were first made in northern Italy between 1530 and 1550. It may be assumed that the alto, tenor and bass versions emerged soon after the soprano instrument.

Who is the best violist in the world?

10 Famous Viola Players and their Viola Performance (Great…Famous Viola Players.Niccolò Paganini.Kim Kashkashian.Paul Hindemith.William Primrose.Carl Stamitz.Tabea Zimmermann.Nobuko Imai.More items…•

What does viola da gamba mean?

viola da gamba(Noun) A viol, usually much larger than the violin, played while seated and supported between the legs.

What family is the viola in?

violin familyThe violin family comprises the violin, the viola, the cello (violoncello), and the double bass; it forms the backbone of the modern symphony orchestra.

What is the difference between a viola da gamba and a cello?

So let me tell you the difference between a viola da gamba and a cello. The cello has four strings; the gamba has six (or sometimes seven). And unlike a cello, a viola da gamba has frets like a guitar, and that makes it easier to play chords on the gamba.