How Can We Protect Traditional Knowledge?

What are the types of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g.

tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others..

What are the advantages of indigenous knowledge?

Indigenous knowledge can help to meet the broader objectives of society, for instance conserving the environment, developing sustainable agriculture and ensuring food security, while its protection encourages the maintenance of traditional practices and lifestyles.

What benefits do traditional knowledge bring to society?

A study of two Balkan ethnic groups living in close proximity finds that traditional knowledge about local plant resources helps communities to cope with periods of famine, and can promote the conservation of biodiversity.

What is traditional technology?

1. Accumulated cognitive and perceptive experiences of interactions between a group of people, their physical and biological environments, and the production systems. Learn more in: Indigenous Knowledge Intelligence and African Development.

How is traditional knowledge protected?

Traditional cultural expressions can sometimes be protected by existing systems, such as copyright and related rights, geographical indications, appellations of origin, trademarks and certification marks.

How can we protect traditional knowledge in India?

India’s TKDL is a unique tool that plays a critical role in protecting the country’s traditional knowledge. 1 Prior art constitutes all information made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent’s claim of novelty and inventiveness.

What are the disadvantages of indigenous knowledge?

Remoteness and geographical isolation.

Why do we need to protect traditional knowledge?

Why Traditional Knowledge must be protected? Need to protect traditional knowledge have increased with changing time, especially in order to stop unauthorized and commercial misuse of such knowledge. It is important to protect the indigenous people from such loss and also help them to preserve such ancient practices.

What is the meaning of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge refers to: knowledge or practices passed down from generation to generation that form part of the traditions or heritage of Indigenous communities. knowledge or practice for which Indigenous communities act as the guardians or custodians.

What are the characteristics of traditional knowledge?

TK refers to the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations. It is not limited to any specific technical field, and may include agricultural, environmental, and medicinal knowledge, and knowledge associated with genetic resources.

What is the difference between traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge?

Western science is objective and quantitative as opposed to traditional knowledge, which is mainly subjective and qualitative. Western science is based on an academic and literate transmission, while traditional knowledge is often passed on orally from one generation to the next by the elders.

What are abuses of traditional knowledge?

Abuses of traditional knowledge include: • unlicensed and unauthorized commercialization of traditional knowledge; • taking images, such as photographs, film and video of Indigenous peoples, their way of life, et cetera; • using, reproducing or copying indigenous names, images and arts without permission; • use and …

What is the difference between indigenous knowledge and traditional knowledge?

The distinction between traditional knowledge and indigenous knowledge relates to the holders rather than the knowledge per se. Traditional knowledge is a broader category that includes indigenous knowledge as a type of traditional knowledge held by indigenous communities.

What is the mean of traditional?

1 : of or relating to tradition : consisting of or derived from tradition a traditional celebration. 2 : handed down from age to age traditional history traditional songs/stories.

What is knowledge protection?

More precisely, breadth of a firm’s knowledge protection strategy is defined as the number of different knowledge protection methods applied. These include patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial design, secrecy, lead time and complex design and follow directly Laursen and Salter (2005).

What is traditional knowledge in intellectual property?

TK in the narrow sense refers to knowledge as such, in particular the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations.